How Do Cats Get Fat?

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Last Updated on June 5, 2023 by Pauline G. Carter

Cats get fat when they consume more calories than they burn through their daily activities. One of the most common issues faced by cat owners is the weight of their furry friend.

There are several reasons why cats become overweight, such as a sedentary lifestyle, overeating, and hormonal imbalances. Many cats are also prone to obesity due to their genetics or breed. It is essential to maintain a healthy weight for your cat as obesity can cause several health issues, including diabetes, arthritis, and heart disease.

Feeding your cat a proper balanced diet and encouraging them to stay active can help them maintain a healthy weight. In this article, we will look at various reasons why cats become overweight and how you can prevent this problem.

How Do Cats Get Fat?


Understanding The Feline Metabolism

Cats have a natural tendency towards gaining weight, which makes understanding their metabolism important for preventing obesity. Feline metabolism refers to the chemical processes that occur within a cat’s body to maintain life. Factors that determine a cat’s metabolic rate include age, breed, gender, weight, and activity level.

How Cat Metabolism Works

A cat’s metabolism works similarly to a human’s metabolism. However, there are some key differences. Cats are obligate carnivores, which means they need higher levels of protein in their diet. They have a lower need for carbohydrates as their body can convert protein to glucose for energy.

A portion of the glucose from protein then goes to the liver, which stores it as glycogen.

Factors That Determine Cats’ Metabolism

Various factors affect a cat’s metabolic rate, including:

  • Age: Young cats have a higher metabolic rate.
  • Breed: Certain breeds, such as siamese and devon rex, have a faster metabolism.
  • Gender: Male cats tend to have a faster metabolism than females.
  • Weight: Overweight cats have a slower metabolism, making it harder for them to lose weight.
  • Activity level: Active cats have a faster metabolism.

Understanding these factors that determine a cat’s metabolism can help pet owners make important lifestyle and dietary changes to prevent obesity and ensure their feline friends stay healthy.

Understanding the feline metabolism is crucial for preventing obesity in cats. By knowing the factors that affect their metabolic rate, pet owners can make informed choices to keep their cats healthy and happy.

Managing A Cat’S Diet

How To Manage A Cat’S Diet To Combat Feline Obesity

Cats are adorable pets and can be extremely fun, playful, and entertaining. However, one of the most common problems which many cat owners face is feline obesity. While overweight cats may seem cute and cuddly, their health is at risk.

Obese cats are prone to several medical issues like heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, and much more. So, it is imperative to manage a cat’s diet properly. Here’s a quick guide on how to manage cat’s diets to help prevent obesity and keep them healthy.

Importance Of Nutrition And Balanced Meals For Cats

Just like humans, cats require a healthy and balanced diet to maintain good health and a healthy weight. Choosing the right food for your cat based on their life stage and nutritional requirements is crucial. Here are some important points to keep in mind:

  • Cats need a high protein diet.
  • They should get a balanced amount of carbohydrates, fibers, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Avoid feeding them too much human food, as it could contain excess salts, sugar, and fats.
  • Never feed cats dog food, as it lacks the necessary nutrition required for cats.

How Much Should You Feed Your Cat?

Determining how much to feed your cat depends on several factors, such as their weight, age, activity level, and overall health. As a general rule of thumb, feed the cat based on their weight.

Here’s a quick guide on how much to feed your cat based on their weight:

  • Kittens aged eight weeks to twelve months should be fed four times a day.
  • Cats aged one to seven years who weigh less than 10 pounds can be fed 1/3 to 1/2 a cup of dry food two times a day.
  • Cats aged one to seven years who weigh over 10 pounds can be given a a cup of dry food per feeding twice daily.
  • Senior cats aged seven years and above should be fed a smaller amount, as their metabolism slows down. They should have meals 2-3 times a day.

Guidelines For Choosing Quality Cat Food

Choosing the right cat food is crucial for their health, development, and growth. Here are some guidelines to help you choose the best cat food:

  • Look for high-quality protein sources on the label, such as chicken, beef, fish, or turkey.
  • The first four to five ingredients on the label should be a protein source.
  • Avoid cat food with fillers.
  • Check for aafco certification on the label, which ensures the food meets nutritional requirements.

The Dangers Of Overfeeding And Its Consequences

Overfeeding your cat is one of the leading causes of feline obesity. Obesity can lead to severe health problems like diabetes, heart disease, joint pain, and even depression. To avoid such complications, one must be mindful of how much food their cat eats.

Here are some potential consequences of overfeeding a cat:

  • Rapid weight gain
  • Difficulties in breathing
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Skin and coat problems
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Behavioral changes

It is essential to manage a cat’s diet properly to prevent obesity and maintain their overall health. Choosing the right food, knowing the right amount of food to feed, and avoiding overfeeding are some of the essential factors to consider.

While we all want to spoil our cats with tasty treats, it is best to avoid doing so and only give them high-quality food. Following these guidelines can help your cat maintain a healthy weight and live a longer, happier life.

Encouraging Physical Activity In Cats

The Benefits Of Exercise For Cats

Physical activity is essential for cats as it provides numerous benefits that contribute to their overall health and wellbeing. Regular exercise helps them maintain a healthy weight, improve heart and lung function, strengthen muscles and bones, and reduce stress. Additionally, exercising helps stimulate their minds and relieves boredom.

By encouraging your feline friend to exercise regularly, you can improve their health and reduce the risk of chronic illnesses and diseases.

Some of the benefits of physical activity for cats include:

  • Maintains a healthy weight
  • Improves heart and lung function
  • Strengthens muscles and bones
  • Reduces stress
  • Stimulates their mind and relieves boredom

Creative Ways To Keep Cats Active

Cats can be independent and require creativity to encourage them to become more active. There are various ways to get your cat moving and engaged. Here are some of the creative ways to keep your cats active:

  • Playtime: Regular playtime with your cat using their favorite toys can get them moving and burning calories.
  • Interactive toys: Interactive toys such as laser pointers or remote-controlled toys encourage cats to play and sprint, which benefits their physical and mental health.
  • Roaming: Allow your cat to roam around the house or designated outdoor space as it encourages movement and exploration.
  • Vertical space: Provide vertical spaces such as cat trees and shelves to support climbing and jumping, which strengthens their muscles and bones.

How To Assess Your Cat’S Activity Level

Assessing your cat’s activity level is essential when encouraging them to become more active. Here are some steps to help you evaluate your cat’s daily activity level:

  • Record their food intake: Record the amount of food your cat consumes, portion size, and meal frequency.
  • Monitor their behavior: Observe your cat’s daily activity level and their behavior patterns such as sleeping and playing.
  • Use a pedometer: You can use a pedometer device to monitor your cat’s physical activity level by tracking their steps, movements, and overall activity.

By monitoring your cat’s activity level, you can identify whether they need additional exercise or a change in their diet. This helps keep them active, healthy, and happy.

Remember, regular exercise is essential for your cat’s health and happiness. By using creative ways to keep them active and monitoring their activity level, you can ensure your feline friend lives a healthy and fulfilling life.

Identifying And Diagnosing Obesity In Cats

Many people view fat cats as cute, but obesity in cats is not a laughing matter. Feline obesity can lead to various health problems and shorten their lifespan. As a conscientious pet owner, it is vital to understand what cat obesity means and how to identify and diagnose it.

Understanding What Cat Obesity Means

Just as with humans, feline obesity occurs when a cat’s body weight exceeds its ideal weight. Obesity is a result of consuming more calories than the cat can burn off through exercise and daily activities. According to the association for pet obesity prevention, an estimated 60% of domestic cats in the united states are overweight or obese.

An overweight cat is one that carries 10-20% more weight than its ideal weight, and a cat is considered obese if it is carrying over 20% of its ideal weight.

The Body Condition Score: How To Use It To Assess Your Cat’S Weight

One way to assess your cat’s weight is by utilizing the body condition score (bcs), which is a simple measurement tool used by veterinarians and pet owners. The bcs system assesses the amount of fat covering the cat’s ribcage, spine, and hips from a scale of one to nine, with one being the thinnest and nine being the heaviest.

A healthy cat’s bcs is typically between 5-6.

If you want to check your cat’s bcs, you need to follow certain points:

  • You should start the assessment by feeling for your cat’s ribcage. You should be able to feel the ribs without pressing too hard.
  • Next, you should check the spine and hip bones. You should be able to feel both without having to press hard.

When assessing your cat’s bcs, you want to make sure your cat has enough fat to be healthy, but not so much that it’s considered overweight or obese.

When To See The Vet: The Importance Of Regular Check-Ups

It’s crucial to take your cat for regular check-ups to ensure it is healthy and to catch any potential health problems early. Obesity is just one of many health issues your vet can assist with. If your cat is overweight or obese, your vet will develop a plan to help your cat reduce its weight safely and maintain a healthy weight.

When it comes to feline obesity, prevention is crucial. By monitoring your cat’s weight through regular check-ups, you can help prevent your cat from becoming overweight or obese.

Feline obesity is a severe health concern that needs to be taken seriously. As a cat owner, you can identify and diagnose obesity in your cat by utilizing the bcs system. Regular check-ups with your vet can also help prevent and manage weight gain in your furry friend.

Remember, a healthy cat is a happy cat!

Health Risks Associated With Obesity In Cats

It’s no secret that cats love to eat, and while a few extra pounds may not seem like a big deal, the truth is that obesity can be extremely harmful to a cat’s overall health and wellbeing. In fact, obesity in cats has been linked to a variety of serious health issues, which we’ll explore in more detail below.

Diabetes, Heart Disease, And Other Health Issues

Obesity in cats has been shown to increase the risk of a number of serious health issues, including:

  • Diabetes: Obese cats are up to four times more likely to develop diabetes than cats of a normal weight.
  • Heart disease: Excess weight puts extra strain on a cat’s heart, which can lead to a variety of cardiovascular problems.
  • Urinary tract disease: Obese cats are at a higher risk of developing urinary tract infections and other related health problems.
  • Joint problems: The extra weight carried by obese cats can put added stress on their joints, which can lead to arthritis and other problems.
  • Respiratory problems: Cats carrying extra weight may struggle to breathe easily, which can lead to respiratory issues and other related concerns.

How Obesity Affects Cats’ Quality Of Life

In addition to these serious health issues, obesity can also impact a cat’s overall quality of life. Some of the ways in which obesity can affect a cat’s wellbeing include:

  • Reduced mobility: Cats carrying extra weight may struggle to move around comfortably, which can lead to a more sedentary lifestyle.
  • Poor grooming habits: Obese cats may struggle to groom themselves properly, leading to matted fur, skin irritations, and other related issues.
  • Increased stress: Carrying around extra weight can be stressful for cats, leading to anxiety and other related concerns.
  • Reduced lifespan: Obesity has been linked to a shorter lifespan in cats, so it’s important to take steps to keep your feline friend healthy and at a normal weight.

The Impact Of Obesity On A Cat’S Lifespan

Research has shown that obesity can have a significant impact on a cat’s overall lifespan. In fact, obese cats may have a reduced lifespan of up to 2. 5 years compared to cats at a healthy weight. By helping your cat maintain a healthy weight through proper diet and exercise, you can ensure that they live a long, happy, and healthy life.

Managing Cat Obesity And Creating A Healthy Environment

Cats can get fat due to various reasons, such as overeating, lack of activities and exercise, a poor diet, and genetic factors. Unfortunately, overweight cats face many health challenges, such as diabetes, heart diseases, and joint problems. As a cat owner, it is essential to manage cat obesity and create a healthy environment to improve your cat’s overall wellbeing.

Here are some strategies you can adopt:

Weight Loss Strategies For Cats

If your cat is overweight, the first thing to do is to work on shedding those extra pounds. However, it is not advisable to put your cat on a crash diet. Instead, take a gradual approach to weight loss. Here is what you can do:

  • Consult your veterinarian: Before starting any weight loss program, it is crucial to seek advice from a vet. They can examine your cat and advise on the safest and most effective weight loss strategy.
  • Choose a healthy diet: Feed your cat a balanced and healthy diet that is low on calories and high in protein. Avoid free-feeding and instead use portion control to manage how much your cat eats.
  • Encourage exercise: Get your cat to exercise by playing interactive games such as teaser toys and laser pointers. Additionally, devote dedicated playtimes to ensure that your cat remains active.
  • Offer treats in moderation: While treats are a great way to reward or motivate your cat, excessive treats can hinder weight loss efforts. Limit treats to once or twice a week and use them to reinforce positive behavior.
  • Consider weight loss foods: Special low-calorie and high-protein foods are available for cats meant for weight loss. These foods include additional nutrients to keep your cat healthy and happy even on a calorie-restricted diet.

Monitoring Your Cat’S Progress

Even with the right weight loss strategy in place, monitoring your cat’s progress is essential. Here is how to keep track of weight loss progress:

  • Weigh your cat regularly: Monitor your cat’s weight weekly to ensure they are losing weight at a healthy rate. Keep a record of their weight either using an app or a pen and paper.
  • Look for signs of progress: Signs of progress include increased energy levels, increased mobility, and reduced fat around the belly and hips.
  • Adjust accordingly: If your cat is not losing weight at a healthy rate, communicate with your vet to adjust the diet or exercise routine.

Creating A Healthy Environment That Supports Cat Health

Cats are influenced by their environment, especially when it comes to their eating habits and activity levels. Therefore, creating a healthy environment is essential. Here are some ideas:

  • Offer a variety of toys: Keep your cat entertained and active by offering a variety of toys such as balls, stuffed toys, and interactive play toys.
  • Provide vertical spaces: Cats love to climb, jump, and perch. Offering vertical spaces such as cat trees, shelves, and window sills can encourage them to exercise and stay active.
  • Keep food bowls and litter boxes in separate areas: Separating food and litter boxes can promote healthy eating habits and good hygiene.
  • Provide a routine: Create a consistent routine that includes playtimes, feeding times, and sleeping times that allow your cat to know what to expect.

Managing cat obesity and creating a healthy environment is essential for your cat’s overall wellbeing. With a healthy diet, regular exercise, consistent monitoring, and a nurturing environment, your cat can enjoy and live a long, healthy life.

Tips For Maintaining Long-Term Cat Health

The Role Of Preventive Care In Maintaining A Cat’S Health

Preventive care is essential in maintaining a cat’s overall health. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help detect any health issues early on and prevent them from becoming more serious. Here are some other preventive measures you can take to ensure your cat stays healthy:

  • Vaccinate your cat against common feline diseases
  • Keep your cat up to date on flea and tick prevention medication
  • Provide your cat with regular dental care to prevent tooth decay and gum disease

Developing Healthy Habits For Cats And Their Owners

Developing healthy habits for both cats and their owners can help maintain their fitness and overall health. Some healthy habits you can adopt include:

  • Incorporating playtime into your cat’s routine to keep them active and engaged
  • Feeding your cat a healthy, balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs
  • Ensuring that your cat has access to clean water at all times
  • Regularly cleaning your cat’s litter box to prevent the spread of bacteria and disease

How To Help Your Cat Maintain An Ideal Weight

Maintaining an ideal weight can help prevent health issues such as diabetes, joint problems, and heart disease in cats. Here are some tips to help your cat maintain an ideal weight:

  • Monitor their food intake and ensure they are not overeating
  • Provide your cat with regular exercise and playtime
  • Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount and type of food for your cat’s needs
  • Avoid giving your cat human food or treats that can be high in calories and unhealthy for cats

Remember, maintaining your cat’s long-term health is an ongoing process, and it’s important to take steps to prevent health issues before they arise. By incorporating healthy habits into your cat’s routine and providing them with preventive care, you can help ensure that they live a happy and healthy life.

Frequently Asked Questions On How Do Cats Get Fat?

How Much Food Should I Feed My Cat To Prevent Obesity?

Cats should eat small, frequent meals throughout the day, with recommended portions based on age, weight, and activity level.

What Are Some Common Causes Of Feline Obesity?

Factors that contribute to a cat becoming overweight include free-feeding, lack of exercise, and consuming high-fat diets.

How Can I Help My Overweight Cat Lose Weight?

Increasing exercise, feeding portion-controlled meals, and incorporating interactive toys can all help your cat shed excess weight in a healthy manner.


To prevent your feline friend from getting overweight, it’s important to monitor their diet, provide plenty of physical activity, and make time for regular visits to the veterinarian. Remember that cats are obligate carnivores and require a high protein diet.

Avoid feeding them table scraps or human food, as this can lead to weight gain and behavioral issues. Also, keep a close eye on portion sizes and avoid free feeding. Finally, play with your cat on a regular basis and encourage them to engage in physical activity like running, jumping, and climbing.

With mindfulness and a healthy lifestyle, you can help your cat stay fit and healthy for years to come. As responsible pet owners, it’s our responsibility to ensure our cats maintain a healthy weight and live a fulfilling life.

About Author (Pauline G. Carter)

Pauline G. Carter

Pauline G. Carter is a well-known pet blogger who has written about the world of pets for several years. She is passionate about pets, from cats and dogs to birds, reptiles, and poultry. Her blog, which is updated regularly, is filled with articles and guides on pet care, nutrition, and training. She also shares her experiences and observations on pet ownership, making her blog relatable and informative for pet lovers. She is a true animal advocate and is dedicated to promoting responsible pet ownership. Let’s Go …

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