Ancona Chicken: Breed Profile, Eggs, Height, Size And Care Guide

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April 25, 2022 by Pauline G. Carter

Ancona chickens originated from Italy, from Marche. It got its name from the capital of March; Ancona, a seaport. The culture in Italy was one of fine cuisine, beautiful artworks, and beautiful music, and the beautiful Ancona Chicken became part of that culture, thriving in its home environment.

Because of their popularity, the bird spread to continue the breed in the UK as well as the United States. They were bred by mixing Leghorns along with other chicken breeds, making them extremely hardy from the mixed ancestry.

Their black feathers went on to them being called Black Leghorns, which is another name for them.

Ancona Chicken | Breed Profile


Country of origin:Italy; United Kingdom
Primary use:Eggs
Weight:Male: 2.5–2.8 kg
Female: 1.8–2.1 kg
Recognized Varieties:Rose Comb, Single Comb
Egg production (annual):180
Egg color:White
Egg size:Large
Comb type:Single or rose

Characteristics Of The Ancona Chicken

Characteristics Of The Ancona Chicken

Ancona chickens have two varieties. One is a single-comb variety and the other is a rose-comb variety. The American Poultry Association recognizes both of them. There is also a bantam variety.

This bird is mainly bred for its eggs. On average, the hen can lay around 180-220 eggs in a year; large white eggs. Pullets will start laying from around 5 months old already. They are hardy, lively birds.

Their plumage is black. The plumage is also white-mottled. Out of three feathers, one will have a v-shaped white marking at the tip. The tail, the sickles and all the primary fathers should have these white tips.

Related Article – Rhode Island Red Chickens

You might notice that the black fathers have a greenish tint to them. Every time the bird molts, the white spots actually get bigger, so the older the bird becomes, the whiter the feathers are.

The Ancona has orange-red eyes, and yellow legs with mottled black coloring; the same as their beaks. They have yellow skin. Their ear lobes are white. The rooster is very striking to look at.

When you compare the Ancona to other egg-laying breeds, the Ancona is an outstanding egg layer. Adult roosters weigh around 2.8 kg., and the hen around 2.1 kg. They are very hardy, particularly in cold weather.


Behavior Of The Ancona Chicken

The Ancona Chicken temperament is one of a free-spirited bird. They are quite good flyers too, curious and alert. If you want these birds around, you will need some high fencing. They are not happy when confined to small areas.

They can become quite tame if handled with kindness and care. It loves roaming around, foraging, and living for around 8 years.

What are the Pros and Cons of the Ancona Chicken?

We Liked

  • Hardy
  • Excellent egg layers
  • Good in cold weather
  • Good foragers
  • Very beautiful and closely feathered
  • Start laying earlier
  • Chicks are vigorous and mature quickly

We Don’t Like

  • They need plenty of space and don’t like confinement
  • Not considered a beginner breed
  • minusFlighty

Is The Ancona Chicken A Right Choice For You?

Is The Ancona Chicken A Right Choice For You

See if you feel this is a bird to include in your flock:

  • Ancona chickens love their freedom. This means if you feel it’s a good choice for you, you will need to build a coop that gives them plenty of space.
  • Their run needs to give them plenty of places to move and roam. They’ve got sturdy wings to fly so you need high fences, but not confinement.
  • As chickens go, this breed tolerates the cold more than a lot of other breeds. The coop will still have to be draft-free as well as moisture-free, with good insulation for when the days are at their coldest.
  • There are some breeders who like to follow the natural process of the four seasons by holding back on artificial lighting, allowing their chickens to molt in the darker winter months.
  • They are free-spirited birds, alert and active and well equipped to survive against their predators.

Guide To Taking Care Of Ancona Chicken

Assuming you would like tips on taking care of Ancona chickens:

Ancona chickens are relatively easy to take care of. They are a hardy breed and don’t require much special care. However, there are a few things to keep in mind:

Ancona chickens are good layers so they will need a steady supply of food and water. Make sure to replenish their food and water regularly.

Ancona chickens are also known for being friendly chickens. If you want to keep them as pets, spend time with them and handle them often.

Chickens can be susceptible to diseases and parasites. To prevent your Anconas from getting sick, keep their living area clean and free of debris. You should also consider getting them vaccinated against common chicken diseases.

Ancona chickens are cold-hardy, but they still need shelter from the elements. Ensure to provide them with a coop or other enclosure that will protect them from the wind, rain, and snow.

Ancona chickens are active chickens and will need plenty of space to roam. If possible, provide them with a large backyard or another open area where they can explore and exercise.

Following these tips should help you take care of your Ancona chickens effectively.

FAQ: Ancona Chicken

Are Ancona chickens friendly?

Yes, Ancona chickens are friendly. They are also known for being good layers of eggs.

Are Ancona chickens noisy?

No, Ancona chickens are not noisy.

Final Verdict: Ancona Chicken

If you’re looking for a healthy and delicious chicken, then the Ancona chicken is a great choice. This chicken breed is known for its lean meat and low-fat content. Additionally, the Ancona chicken is also known for being a good source of protein. Overall, the Ancona chicken is an excellent choice for looking for a healthy and delicious chicken breed.

About Author (Pauline G. Carter)

Pauline G. Carter

Pauline G. Carter is a well-known pet blogger who has written about the world of pets for several years. She is passionate about pets, from cats and dogs to birds, reptiles, and poultry. Her blog, which is updated regularly, is filled with articles and guides on pet care, nutrition, and training. She also shares her experiences and observations on pet ownership, making her blog relatable and informative for pet lovers. She is a true animal advocate and is dedicated to promoting responsible pet ownership. Let’s Go …

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